Today in History: Malietoa Tanumafili II Born 4 Jan 1913


His Highness Malietoa Tanumafili II was born on 4 January 1913 as the son and third child of his parents, Malietoa Tanumafili I and Momoe Lupeuluiva Meleisea. Tanumafili was chosen as the Mālietoa in 1940 following his father’s death on 5 July 1939.

Ceces House of Fashion at the Toleafoa Complex in Savalalo, Apia.

Addressed Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II, the title is one of Samoa’s four paramount chiefs.

His Highness held the position of Head of State of Samoa for life – from 1962 until he passed 11 May 2007, aged 94.

He was co-head of state in 1962 with the tama-a-‘aiga Tupua Tamasese Mea’ole and became the sole Head of State on 15 April 1963 upon the death of Tupua Tamasese Meaole.

At the time of his death, he was the oldest national leader in the world, and was also the last incumbent president-for-life in the world.

His Highness Malietoa Tanumafili II was also the first head of state to be a follower of the Bahai Faith. 

Tanumafili was educated at the government run Leififi School in Samoa. He went on to enroll at St. Stephen’s School and Wesley College in Pukekohe, New Zealand. Malietoa was an active athlete during his younger years.

His favourite sports included boxing, rugby and cricket. Malietoa’s interest in sports continued throughout his life and he was an avid golfer well into his 90s. He could often be seen driving his golf cart around Samoa.

Upon his death Samoa entered a period of mourning.  Loved as “father to Samoa” he was described by then Samoa Prime Minister Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi as “the personification of Samoan peace and unity”.

Many Samoans shared personal testimonies of Malietoa’s kindness and humility and how he touched their lives. How he would stop his car, or golf cart to offer them a ride as they walked along the road.

There is a popular story of how the late King Taufa’ahau Tupou IV of Tonga asked His Highness why nobody ever bowed down to him in Samoa and Malietoa responded, “Oh that is because everyone here in Samoa is Royalty”. Malietoa referring to chiefly titles bestowed by families and villages upon members of their lineage to lead and look after family lands and titles.

Enjoy a Taula – the only beer brewed in Samoa.

When asked about the lack of security guards around him, he responded “I don’t need security, I am guarded by 180,000 people”, referring to Samoa’s then registered population of 180,876.

His Highness Malietoa Tanumafili II, gone but never forgotten.