9 June 2021 Apia Samoa. Tuilaepa Dr Sailele Malielegaoi has been served to appear in Court next week, to face a motion that he and others be cited with contempt of Court in relation to recent public statements made towards members of the Judiciary, and for boycotting the convening of Parliament on Monday 24th May 2021.
The Court action is a response to a motion by FAST – Faatuatua i Le Atua Samoa ua Tasi party – to also have Hon Leaupepe Toleafoa Faafisi, the Clerk of the Legislative Assembly and the Attorney General, cited for contempt of Court.
In a symbolic demonstration to uphold the rule of Law the Honourable Chief Justice Satiu Simativa Perese, together with all members of Samoa’s Judiciary walked up to the doors of Parliament House expecting the XVIIth Parliament of Samoa to convene on Monday 24th May – the 45th day since Samoa’s 9th April general election.
Samoa’s Head of State Tuimalealiifano Vaaletoa Sualauvi II had issued a Proclamation for the XVIIth Parliament of Samoa to convene at 9:30am on Monday 24th May 2021. However after over 500 invitations had gone out and the programme distributed, His Highness then issued a second Proclamation to suspend the opening of Parliament “until such time as to be announced and for reasons that I will make known in due course”.
A special in Chambers sitting of the Court resulted in Court Orders that declared the Proclamation to suspend the opening of Parliament as unlawful. The same Orders upheld the first Proclamation of the Head of State for Parliament to convene as required by Samoa’s Constitution within 45 days of an election.
The Supreme Court also specifically directed that copies of the judgment be immediately delivered to the Clerk of the Legislative Assembly, together with the Attorney General and His Highness the Head of State.
There was a stand-off at Mulinuu that Monday morning when the doors of Parliament House remained locked, and Clerk of the Legislative Assembly Tiatia Graeme Tualaulelei made to follow a Public Notice issued the Sunday night before from the desk of “The Speaker of the Legislative Assembly” signed by Hon Leaupepe Toleafoa Faafisi.
Tiatia Graeme apologised to the FAST party leader that morning, and conveyed that their position is based on the latest Proclamation issued by the Head of State – referring to the Proclamation declared unlawful by the Supreme Court of Samoa.
On Sunday evening after the Court orders were made known, Hon Tuilaepa Sailele spoke from the TV1 studio to publicly condemn the Court decision and stated that he and members of the Human Rights Protection Party refuse to attend a swearing in.
“As for me and my HRPP party members, we are not going to be sworn in because we know that the 10% minimum required for women in Parliament has not been satisfied,” Tuilaepa said at the time.
About Contempt of Court
In Samoa Contempt of Court is not in an Act of Parliament and so the rules are drawn from Common Law or the decisions of Courts in the UK, Australia and NZ.
There are three main types:
Scandalizing the Court that includes behaviour that undermines the integrity of the Court such as abuse of Judges and suggesting they are bias, dishonest or incompetent.
Wilful Disobedience of Court Orders for acting in breach of the Orders made by the Court.
Contempt in the Face of the Court, where a witness or public does something whilst the court is in session such as swear or shout at the judges.