Legislative Says Four Versions of Samoa’s Constitution ‘Dispersed’ – Parliamentary Committee to Investigate

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02 February 2022, Apia Samoa. An investigation carried out by the Office of the Clerk of the Legislative Assembly (OCLA) on Samoa’s Constitutional Amendment Act has found the version of the Law passed in Parliament by Members of the Legislative Assembly in December 2020, was different to that which was given to the Head of State for signing into Law.

According to the OCLA report tabled in Parliament by Prime Minister Hon Fiame Naomi Mataafa on Tuesday night, there are four different versions of Samoa’s Constitutional Amendment Act 2020.

The Prime Minister told Parliament the version [of the Law] being sold to the public is different to the version published on the OCLA website, and both were again different to the copy being used by the Office of the Attorney General (OAG), and the copy with the Courts.

“It appears, there are four copies or versions dispersed, and the true version cannot be established.”

“The concern is the impact this would have on the work of the Courts, and confusion amongst the public as to which is the right version,” stated Fiame.

“O le popolega o le Maota e pei ona saunoa iai le afioga i le Fofoga Fetalai, o le afaina ai o galuega a le Faamasinoga ae faapea le nofo silafia o le atunuu lautele, poo le fea le lomiga sa’o, ona ua mautauina, e ese kopi o loo faatau atu i le atunuu, ma kopi o loo i luga o upega tafailagi a le Ofisa o le Fono, faapea foi kopi o loo faaoga e le Ofisa o le Loia Sili faapea ma le Faamasinoga.

E foliga mai, e fā ni kopi poo ni lomiga ua taape, ma ua lē mautinoa le kopi moni”.

Regarding the Lands and Titles Act, the Prime Minister stated the LTA 2020 did not set out criteria for selection of a Lands and Titles Court Judge, nor the tenure of their appointments, nor references to salaries and benefits for an LTC Judge.

“If these processes are not in the Law, it could impact the independence of the Courts, and also it does not give the Administration powers to carry out appropriate processes for Judges of the Lands and Titles Court,” said Fiame.

“Lau afioga, a le faataatia nei aiaiga faavae i totonu o se Tulafono, o i e lamatia ai le tulaga tutoatasi o le Faamasinoga. I le ma le isi, ua leai foi se malosi i le pulega e faatatau ai aiaiga talafeagai mo Faamasino o le Faamasinoga o Fanua ma Suafa.”

The Prime Minister said all these provisions pertaining to the selection, appointment and remuneration of Judges are contained in the Lands & Titles Act 1981, which the LTA 2020 purported to repeal.

“All of these were included in the previous (LTC 1981) Act, such as criteria for selection, duration of appointments, as well as remuneration – salaries and benefits”.

The Prime Minister said legal advice was being sought regarding the dilemma that has emerged, however, Parliament ought to take action in response to the OCLA report tabled.

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The Prime Minister then moved to establish a special parliamentary commission of inquiry (komiti suesue faapitoa a le palemene) to investigate the matter further.

Deputy Speaker Auapaau Mulipola Aloitafua Mulipola would Chair the Commission, while Hon Loau Solamalemalo Keneti Sio was nominated by the Prime Minister as Deputy Chair.

Other members of the Commission are Vaele Paiaaua Iona Paiaaua Sekuini, Faleomavaega Titimaea Tafua, Laumatiamanu Ringo M Purcell, Tuuu Anasii Leota and Alaiasa Moefaauouo Malagaitutogiai Sepulona Moananu.

The special parliamentary committee were also given terms of reference that included establishing processes for Parliament to follow in such situations, and to look into the processes that were followed, which may have led to the discrepancies and different versions of the Law that had been distributed. Thirdly consider the legal process that was taken when the Laws were passed, and lastly to put forth recommendations for actions to be taken if such situations should they arise in future.

The appointed committee is to report back to Parliament in the not too distant future (i se fonotaga lata mai).

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